Composting your garden and kitchen waste has great outcomes on many levels. The resulting product is great for the garden, you will save rubbish dumping fees, and if everyone who can do it does so, we will keep a whole lot of rubbish out of the landfill. On this page you can find out how to set one up, and how to run a worm farm which will also turn food waste into a garden product.
More than half of the material in Hastings orange rubbish bags could have been composted. This means you could be paying over $100 per year to throw away food and green garden waste (‘organic waste’) instead of dealing with it at home – for free.
Both Hastings District Council and Napier City Councils’ want to prevent this organic waste going to the Omarunui Landfill where it produces harmful liquids and gases that cost significant time and money to deal with.
There are a number of ways to dispose of organic waste at home, such as composting or worm farming, or you can take your organic waste to a suitable commercial facility (such as BioRich Composting, in Awatoto, Napier).
Compost results from the decomposition of garden and food scraps. Depending on what you put in it and how often it is turned, it can take anywhere between two to18 months before the compost is ready to use on your garden.
As the organic material breaks down, it changes and becomes what is known as humus. During the process, soil micro-organisms, worms and insects convert the organics into a soil-like material.
Make your own compost bin: When you have decided to reduce your food and garden waste, why not reduce another waste material? Take a drive around industrial areas in the region to find old wood pallets. Often these can only be used once for health and safety reasons so they make perfect compost containers. Once you have found some (remember to ask the company for permission first!), grab three to make a back wall and two side walls to contain an open compost heap.
Why should you compost:
Worm farming is an alternative to composting. Worms happily eat food scraps and excrete valuable materials known as vermicasts and worm tea which are high in nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium compared to ordinary soil. This makes them valuable for plant growth, root and stem strength, and flower and fruit growth.
|What worms like||What worms don't like|
|Most fruit and vegetable scraps||Spicy food, chili, onion, garlic|
|Coffee grounds and loose leaf tea||Meat and milk products|
|Aged horse manure||Wheat-bread products|
|Dirty paper||Cooked or baked food|
|Small amounts of crushed eggshells||Green waste|
|Small amounts of vacuum cleaner dust||Shiny paper|
|Hair||Citrus and acidic fruit and vegetables|
Why should you farm worms:
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